The Maasai

The Maasai are semi-nomadic pastoralists with a colorful and proud cultural heritage centered on their cattle and strong communal social organization. Their traditional dress, language, music, and dance are all instantly and intentionally recognizable as “Maasai”. Their age-old rituals form important pillars in identity and well-being and traditional beliefs towards wildlife have further enhanced a generally peaceful and mutually beneficial co-existence between people, wildlife, and the land. The common religion amongst the Maasai community is Christianity.


The conservancy is a partnership between twelve Tourism Partners and 758 Maasai landowners. The aim is to be a world-class conservancy with a long-term commitment to benefit the environment, wildlife, and community livelihoods through a strong tourism partnership.

The Landowner Committee reports to all landowners for their final approval. Twice a year, full community meetings are held whereby all landowners are able to voice their opinion on the way forward.

Community Empowerment

MNC realizes that the economic development and prosperity of landowners and local communities are inextricably linked to the conservancy’s ultimate success.

MNC’s member camps have set up numerous projects, which highly benefit the local communities. They have established educational as well as health facilities with a focus on maternal and child disease, HIV/Aids, TB, malaria, and waterborne diseases. Several member camps are also supporting women’s empowerment enterprises, including the development of new income-generating activities, such as handicraft projects.

Economic Prosperity

Communities living in natural wildlife areas must be provided with the economic incentives to set aside their land for wildlife conservation. In the 1980s & 1990s, growing land fragmentation began to lead to the environmental degradation of the Maasai Mara ecosystem and exacerbated community impoverishment. Without a partnership between Maasai landowners and the private tourism sector, it was difficult to ensure sustainable, well-coordinated, and effective wildlife protection along with recognizable benefits for all stakeholders. In 2008 the founding members of MNC decided to approach the local Maasai leaders to jointly find a sustainable long-term solution for the conservation of the area. After many consultations, held under the shade of acacia trees, 750 Maasai landowners decided to lease their land to the Mara North Conservancy, which was officially established on the 1st of January 2009. This new partnership established a truly innovative approach, whereby the MNC member camps guaranteed to pay fixed monthly lease payments to the Maasai landowners, regardless of tourism ebbs and flows, for the privilege of carrying out their game drives within this exclusive wildlife area.


MNC is currently in the process of setting up a Trust Fund and the necessary infrastructure to initiate new community programs. These are developed after wide consultations with community members and implemented in equal partnership with the Maasai Land Owner Committee, which represents the entire community. Community Projects are also designed to be environmentally friendly and sustainable and to ensure that the communities living in and around the conservancy benefit directly and immediately from MNC’s presence. MNC has raised funds from a number of organizations and foundations, including Anne Kent Taylor, The African Conservation Centre, and The Obel Family Foundation. In April 2011, MNC was awarded US$ 1M by the Obel Family Foundation to execute the Bright Green Project (focusing on children’s education, conservation awareness, IT literacy, wildlife research, and a community waste management system) over a 3 year period.

The “Boma Fortification Project”

As cattle are at the center of their culture and social life, the great advantage of MNC to the Maasai is that they can continue grazing their cattle under a management plan which ensures the simultaneous protection of the natural wildlife habitat.

However, this inevitably leads to human-wildlife conflict as predators frequently prey on livestock when in their enclosures (‘bomas’) at night. Traditional retaliation practices frequently follow, including predator killings.

Since 2010, in conjunction with the Anne Kent Taylor Fund, the Boma Fortification Project has been ongoing to address this problem of wildlife predation, offering chain-link wire fencing to improve defenses against livestock predation.

There is a long list of community members waiting to buy 18m long rolls of chain link wire which MNC is offering on a ‘buy-one, get-one-free basis. Already there are 130 fortified bomas on MNC under this scheme.

See a report on the efficacy of these fortified ‘bomas’ here.

For more information please contact the MNC Administrator


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